Agriturismo in Umbria


Cascata delle Marmore

Stupendously located in a natural scenario of peerless beauty, the Marmore Waterfalls (7 km from Terni along the Valnerina state road) is an artificial work built by the Romans. In 290 BC the consul Curius Dentatus ordered a canal to be dug (Cavo Curiano) in order to make the stagnant waters of the Velino River flow down into the Rieti valley conveying it to the Marmore cliff, from where it was made to fall down onto the bed of the River Nera below with a jump of 165 meters.

At that time the work was heralded as a great event and certainly contributed to strengthen the prestige of Rome among the recently conquered inhabitants of Umbria. But popular imagination prefers to give it a mythological origin: the story goes that the nymph Nera had fallen in love with a shepherd, Velino, but to punish her Juno turned her into a river, the Nera. Velino, anguished, threw himself down from the Marmore cliff in order to be united with his beloved: that mortal jump would continue for eternity.

In every age the beauty of the Waterfalls has inspired poets and artists; numerous reproductions of Italian and foreign artists exist; it seems that Virgil is referring to the Marmore Waterfalls when he mentions in the Aeneid, 7th book, a valley of dark woodlands and amidst the trees a river which thunders and falls over big stones. G. Byron, also, in his “Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage”, sings the praises of the Waterfall, describing it as one of the most fascinating spectacles ever seen during his numerous journeys.

For the last 50 years the waters of the Waterfall have been used to power hydroelectric power stations: the abundance of water in the entire area is the origin of the industrial development of the Terni basin where iron and steel, electrochemical and electrical industries have been established.

(Towns of production)

Landscape/monument type