Agriturismo in Umbria

Attractions

National Monti Sibillini Park

Nature

 

The living beings of the Sibillini embody that “wild spirit" that contributes toward making every experience lived in these mountains unforgettable.

Here the vegetation tends, as if by enchantment, to change gradually as we move from the foot of the Sibillini, situated at an average elevation of 500 m, to the tallest peaks. In fact, up to about 1,000 m there is a predominance of woods with downy oak, hop hornbeam, and flowering ash, and then the beech-wood, first mixed and then pure. Today, however, the limit of the forest vegetation is around 1,700-1,750 m, i.e. about 100 m lower than it was originally; this is because of the cutting done in the past to aid the development of the grazing areas. Above the potential limit of the wood, on the other hand, there are the primary or natural pastures, where it is possible to find extremely rare and valuable species.

Among them, worthy of note is the Apennine aromatic “genepě” (Artemisia petrosa ssp. eriantha), the Apennine edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum ssp. nivale), and also Viola eugeniae, Anemone millefoliata, Gentiana dinarica, and Dryas octopetala (mountain avens); in the screes and the detritus zones it is also possible to find Drypis spinosa ssp. spinosa, Isatis allionii, Linaria alpina, Robertia taraxacoides, etc. There is also a significant presence of Ephedra nebrodensis in Valnerina and Carex disticha (brown hedge) which, in the Pian Grande, has one of its two Italian stations.

 

The fauna is very interesting, also. In particular, some of the mammals found here are the wolf, the elusive wildcat, and the hedgehog which, having become common only a few decades ago, occupies the most thermophilous zones, and the roe deer which, reintroduced in the early 1950s, is now definitively colonizing the entire area. Among the birds, on the other hand, worthy of note are the golden eagle which, since the park was established, has started to nest even in zones that had been abandoned for years, the goshawk and the sparrow hawk, typical inhabitants of the woodland environment, and the peregrine falcon. On the other hand, among the strigiformi there is the Eurasian eagle owl, while the galliform species include the southern rock partridge. There are also frequent sightings of the Alpine chough and the red-billed chough. Also of interest is the presence of the Eurasian dotterel, the rufous-tailed rock thrush, the Alpine accentor, the snow finch, and the wallcreeper. Among reptiles, of particular interest is the presence of the meadow viper which, in the Sibillini mountains, reaches the northernmost limit of its presence in Italy. As for the invertebrates, worthy of note is the Chirocephalus marchesonii, endemic to the Pilato Lake.


(Towns of production)

Landscape/monument type

Parco